Tibetan Sheep, 21st century
Friday Oct 22d Julia Mahoney was here to work
this forenoon on Susans Maroon Thibot
making a new waist and put a new yoke
and making over the waist to her dark
striped wool deLaine Carried home the
waist to finish to her Thibot dress I spent
the afternoon at Olivers with Hannah + Augustus
Mr Whitwell called
Julia Mahoney, a local dressmaker, worked at Evelina’s sewing at least two dresses for Susan Ames. Susie, who was ten-going-on-eleven, was growing taller and more mature. The dresses she had worn the previous winter needed to be altered, the waists expanded, the tucks let out, a new yoke put in. One of her dresses was made of delaine, a wool that Evelina sewed often for herself and her daughter. It was a popular, open-weave, light-weight wool that came in many patterns and colors; it may or may not have been imported.
The “Thibot” cloth that Evelina describes was more unusual. It was of “[w]ool material, worsted with soft and smooth plain-finished face; made from mountain sheep of Thibet, Asia*.” This textile was imported and would have been more expensive, suggesting that Susie’s little maroon dress may have been meant for “Sunday best.” It was special enough that the dressmaker took it home to work on.
In Boston at this time, sources for wool were both domestic and foreign. There were approximately 15 wool merchants in the city, most of whom were prospering. According to an early 20th century history:
“The quantity of domestic wool showed a steady decrease for several years subsequent to the enactment of the tariff of 1846. The effect of the gold discoveries upon general commerce in 1849, stimulating the manufacturing industry, is reflected in the rapidly increased imports of home grown wools. The imports of foreign wools show considerable yearly fluctuation, corresponding in the main to the varying quantities of domestic wools.”**
Some years later, Susie would marry a wool merchant named Henry French. She and Evelina would then – presumably – have access to whatever wool they needed or wanted, foreign or domestic.
*Betty J. Mills, Calico Chronicle: Texas Women and Their Fashions, 1830-1910, Texas Tech University Press, 1988, p. 183
**Joseph T. Shaw, The Wool Trade of the United States: History of a Great Industry:Its Rise and Progress in Boston, Now the Second Market in the World, 1909, p. 52
3 thoughts on “October 22, 1852”
Very interesting piece of Boston history.
I wonder if he was one of the owners of French and Ward, which became a major woolen cloth producer in Stoughton in the second half of the Nineteenth Century.
Henry French may very well have been that wool person in Stoughton, perhaps having moved his business there from Boston. Or perhaps it was a relative. French was originally from Pawtucket.
I found him listed in a Boston Directory for 1868 as follows:
Boston Directory, Volume 64, 1868
Horswell, Kinsley & French (James Horswell, Edw. W. Kinsley, Henry W. French, and W. Ward Rhodes) woollens, 12 Summer